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World trends in the development of coal-fired thermal generation and their influence on the energy of Ukraine

Dubrovskyi V.V., PhD (Engin.), Senior Research Scientist, Shraiber O.A., Dr. Sci. (Engin.), Professor
Institute of General Energy of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 172 Antonovycha str., Kyiv, 03150, Ukraine
Language: Ukrainian
Source: The Problems of General Energy, 2020, 2(61):11-16
https://doi.org/10.15407/pge2020.02.011
Section: Systemic studies and complex problems of the energy sector
UDC: 621.311
Received: 15.05.2020
Published: 15.07.2020

Abstract:

The state of coal-fired thermal energy in Ukraine, many countries of the European Union, and the world are analyzed. Despite the fact that coal-fired thermal generation continues to play a significant role, there has been revealed a marked reduction in the operation of coal-fired thermal power plants, especially in the United States, the EU, China, and Japan. The reasons for the reduction of coal-fired generation are considered, which include the requirements of environmental policy to decrease pollutant emissions, high fines for CO2 emissions, and increase in electricity production from renewable sources. The world prospects of coal-fired thermal generation and alternative ways to replace coal-fired thermal power plants are considered, especially in connection with the rapid development of renewable energy and modern energy storage systems, whose costs have been recently decreased significantly, as well as the transition from coal to gas. The possible influence of world trends of the reduction of coal-fired generation on the state of thermal energy of Ukraine are analyzed.

Keywords: thermal power industry, coal-fired generation, development trends

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