Analisis of the use of electric energy storage systems in power systems with a large volume of renewable energy sources

Buratynskyi I.M.,
"Rodina Ingineering LLC", 3 G Bohatyrska str., Kyiv, 04212, Ukraine
Language: Ukrainian
Source: The Problems of General Energy, 2019, 4(59):63-70
Section: Study and optimization of the technological objects and systems of the energy sector
UDC: 621.311.25
Received: 22.11.2019
Published: 27.12.2019


We consider the commitments of countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to the environment and described other causes of  increase in the share of renewable energy sources in the global structure of electricity generation. We present the parameters of  growth of the share of solar and wind power plants in power systems and further prospects for the development of this power industry in the world. We present the cost of introducing solar and wind power plants and give further forecasts for the cost reduction of these technologies. The problems that arise in the operation of power systems with significant volumes of unstable generation in their structure are analyzed. The specific character of generation, which is associated with weather conditions, is considered, and ways to solve problems, used in the world, are examined.
The necessity of introducing systems of electric energy storage, intended to ensure and maintain the high quality of electric energy, frequency regulation, improving the reliability of power supply, smoothing and transfer of the peaks of daily power consumption schedules in a power system, and its balancing are described.
We also analyzed present-day rates of the introduction of systems of electric energy storage in the world and prospects for the further development of this industry. The types of existing storage systems, their main characteristics, advantages and shortcomings are described. Attention is concentrated on electrochemical systems of electric energy storage, they are compared by the type of chemical reaction, the advantages, and shortcomings of electrochemical systems are described for using various materials.
A description is given for the applications that electric storage systems must carry out in integrating renewable energy sources into a power system. We characterize the most efficient types of electric energy storage systems, which are necessary for various applications in integrating unstable generation into power systems. Implemented projects for the introduction of electrochemical systems of electric energy storage, which are used in the world for the integration of solar and wind power plants, are examined. We also give conclusions concerning the prospects for further development and feasibility of using energy storage systems.

Keywords: renewable energy sources, solar power plant, wind power plant, electricity storage system, electric power system.


  1. Paris Agreement: Law of Ukraine dated July 14.2016. URL: laws/ show/ 995_l61 (Last accessed: 10.09.2019) [in Ukrainian].
  2. Heletukha, H., Zheliezna, T., & Prakhovnik, A. (2015). Analysis of the energy strategies of the EU and the world and their role in renewable energy. Bioenergy Association of Ukraine. [In Ukrainian].
  3. BP Energy Outlook. BP – 2019. URL: global/corporate/pdfs/energy-economics/energy-outlook/bp-energy-outlook-2019.pdf (Last accessed: 01.09.2019).
  4. Renewables 2019 Global Status Report. REN21 – 2019.
  5. Chen Gang. (2015). China's Solar PV Manufacturing and Subsidies from the Perspective of State Capitalism. The Copenhagen Journal of Asian Studies, 33(1).
  6. Renewable Power Generation Costs in 2018. International Renewable Energy Agency. IRENA – 2019.
  7. Wind energy in Europe in 2018. Trends and statistics. Wind Europe – 2019.
  8. Parkinson, G. (2019). Wind generation hits peak output of more than 4,000MW in Australia. Renew economy. Clean Energy News and Analysis. Renew economy – 2019. URL: https://reneweconomy. wind-generation-hits-peak-output-of-more-than-4000mw-in-australia-29145/ (Last accessed: 01.09.2019).
  9. Clean energy council. Clean energy Australia report – 2019. URL: https://assets.clean (Last accessed: 01.09.2019).
  10. On the Electricity Market: Law of Ukraine dated April 25.2019. URL: https://zakon. laws/ show/2019-19 (Last accessed: 10.09.2019).
  11. National Renewable Energy Action Plan up to 2020. URL: http://zakon.rada. show/ 902-2014-%D1%80 (Last accessed: 01.09.2019).
  12. Ukraine's Energy Strategy for the Period up to 2035 “Security, Energy Efficiency, Competitiveness”. URL: (Last accessed: 01.09.2019).
  13. Energy storage. Perspectives from California and Europe. Discossion Paper – October –2019. URL: https:// (Last accessed: 01.09. 2019).
  14. California Energy Commission – Tracking Progress. URL: /pages/ viewdoc.htm?docid=364982 (Last accessed: 01.09.2019).
  15. Kulyk, М.M., Dryomin, I.V., & Zgurovets, O.V. (2018). Investigation of the operating modes of integrated power systems with powerful wind power plants and accumulator batteries. The Problems of General Energy, 2(53), 15-20 [in Ukrainian].
  16. Kulyk, M., Dryomin, I., & Zgurovets, O. (2018). Feasibility of using battery energy storage systems for frequency stabilization in integrated power systems with powerful solar power plants. Vidnovluvana Energetika, 3(54), 6-14 [in Ukrainian].
  17. Generation Capacity Conformity Assessment Report (revised). (2018). NPC UKRENERGO. URL: GenPotuzhnostej_31_03_ 2019.pdf (Last accessed: 10.09.2019) [in Ukrainian].
  18. Analytical report on the issue of the development of wind and hydroelectric power plants within the Ukrainian UES (based on the results of studies of problems and prospects of accelerated growth of hydroelectric and hydroelectric power plants in the Ukrainian electricity and energy complex). NPC UKRENERGO – 2018. URL: (Last accessed: 10.09.2019).
  19. Lazard’s levelized cost of storage analysis – version 4.0. LAZARD – 2018.
  20. Electricity Storage and Renewables: Costs and Markets to 2030. IRENA – 2017.
  21. Handbook on battery energy storage system. Asian development bank – 2018. DOI: http://dx.doi. org/10.22617/TCS189791-2.
  22. European Energy Storage Technology Development Roadmap. European Energy Research Alliance – 2017.
  23. A Behind the Scenes Take on Lithium-ion Battery Prices. Bloomberg NEF – 2019. URL: https:// (Last accessed: 01.09.2019).
  24. Ghavi, M. (2017). Energy storage for micro- and mini-grads in urban and rural Africa. ABB – 2017.
  25. Schmidt, O., Melchio, S., Hawkes, A., & Staffell, I. (2019). Projecting the Future Levelized Cost of Electricity Storage Technologies. Joule, 3. 1-20.
  26. DOE Global Energy Storage Database. Sandia National Laboratories. United States Department of Energy. URL: (Last accessed: 01.09.2019).
  27. Tesla is completing its giant Australian Powerpack battery on time: URL: https://www. (Last accessed: 01.09.2019).
  28. Stock, A., Bourne, G., Brailsford, L., & StockFully Charged P. (2018). Renewables and Storage Powering Australia. Climate Council – 2018.
  29. Hayward, J., & Graham, P. (2017). Electricity generation technology cost projections: Australia. CSIRO – 2017.
  30. Investigating the Economic Value of Flexible Solar Power Plant Operation. Energy and Environmental Economics – 2018.


Full text (PDF)