Assessment of the influence of coal industry on the environment

Novitsky I.Yu., https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3304-7492 ,
Perov M.O., https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0654-5648 ,
Makortetskiy M.M., https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4995-4879
Institute of General Energy of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 172 Antonovycha str., Kyiv, 03150, Ukraine
Language: Ukrainian
Source: The Problems of General Energy, 2019, 1(56):59-63
https://doi.org/10.15407/pge2019.01.059
Section: Ecological aspects of energy and environmental protection
UDC: 622.33
Received: 25.01.2019
Published: 29.03.2019

Abstract:

Coal is at present and will remain in future the main type of energy resources for thermal and electric generation in Ukraine. This is caused by its reserves, which probably will be sufficient for several centuries, the shortage of natural gas, and insignificant part of renewable energy sources in the country energy balance. In addition, so far the product of coal processing – coke is the indispensable raw material for ferrous metallurgy.
At the same time, the coal industry is a powerful source of harmful action on the environment. This influence extends to all its spheres: atmosphere (including the ozone layer), hydrosphere (water basins and underground water), lithosphere, and earth's surface.
Ukraine’s commitments in the context of deepening integration processes with West-European countries, including environmental protection in spite of enhancing the role of coal as the main energy carrier for domestic power engineering, will inevitably be accompanied by the introduction of more stringent ecological requirements for the operation of enterprises that mine, process, and consume coal. Therefore, investigations of the influence of activities of coal-industry enterprises on the environment with the aim of ensuring the ecological safety of Ukraine are relevant.
The present article is devoted to the assessment of influence of the main contaminants formed in the course of activity of the coal-industry enterprises. We analyze the sources of contamination according to different classification groups and give their quantitative characteristics.
Emphasis is placed on the necessity to introduce at the regional level a set of scientific and engineering measures that will stabilize the ecological situation in the territories of Donetsk, Luhansk, and Dnipropetrovsk regions as well as the Lviv-Volyn basin.

Keywords: environment, coal industry, contamination, analysis, technogenic load.

References:

  1. Surhai, M.S., Kulish, V.A., & Kuzin, Yu.S. (2008). Vuhilna promyslovist ta navkolyshnie pryrodne seredovyshche – osnovni aspekty vzaiemovidnoshen. Uhol Ukrainy, 11, 35—41 [in Ukrainian].
  2. Chepiha, Ye.V., & Mozharovska, A.A. (2013). Vykorystannia vodnykh resursiv pidpryiemstvamy vuhilnoi haluzi Ukrainy. Uhol Ukrainy, 12, 50—52 [in Ukrainian].
  3. Radchenko, V.V., Kulish, V.A., Chepiha, Ye.V., & Storozhchuk, Ye.Ye. (2013). Stan porodnykh vidvaliv vitchyznianykh vuhilnykh shakht. Uhol Ukrainy, 12, 44—49 [in Ukrainian].
  4. Kulish, V.A., Vovk, V.T., Chepiha, Ye.V. (2010).Osoblyvosti formuvannia ekoloho-hidrolohichnoho stanu terytorii likvidovanykh shakht i rozriziv. Uhol Ukrainy, 7, 42—43 [in Ukrainian].
  5. Pro okhoronu navkolyshnoho pryrodnoho seredovyshcha: Zakon Ukrainy № 1268-XII vid 26.06.91 (1991). Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy, 41, 546 [in Ukrainian].
  6. Pro okhoronu atmosfernoho povitria: Zakon Ukrainy (1992). Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy, 50, 678 [in Ukrainian].
  7. Pro vidkhody: Zakon Ukrainy (1998). Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy, 36—37, 242 [in Ukrainian].
  8. Vodnyi kodeks Ukrainy (1995). Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy, 24, 189 [in Ukrainian].
  9. Zemelnyi kodeks Ukrainy. Redaktsiia vid 12.10.2018. (2002). Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy, 3—4, 27 [in Ukrainian].
  10. Kodeks Ukrainy pro nadra (1994). Vidomosti Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy, 36, 340 p. [in Ukrainian].
  11. Pro zatverdzhennia pereliku vydiv diialnosti ta obiektiv, shcho stanovliat pidvyshchenu ekolohichnu nebezpeku: Postanova Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrainy. (2013). URL: http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/ show/808-2013-p [in Ukrainian].
  12. Pro Kontseptsiiu polipshennia ekolohichnoho stanovyshcha hirnychodobuvnykh rehioniv Ukrainy: Postanova Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrainy vid 31 serpnia 1999 r. No. 1606. (1999). URL: http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/ laws/show/1606-99-p [in Ukrainian].
  13. Pro zakhody shchodo rozviazannia ekoloho-hidroheolohichnykh problem, yaki vynykaiut unaslidok zakryttia hirnychodobuvnykh pidpryiemstv, shakht i rozriziv: Postanova Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrainy. (1999). URL: http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/31-99-p [in Ukrainian].
  14. Pro vdoskonalennia struktury ekolohichnoi sluzhby Ministerstva vuhilnoi promyslovosti Ukrainy: Nakaz Ministerstva vuhilnoi promyslovosti Ukrainy vid 08.02.2006 No. 88. (2006). URL: http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/rada/show/v0088644-06/sp:max10 [in Ukrainian].
  15. Pro zakhody shchodo pidvyshchennia rivnia ekolohichnoi bezpeky u vuhilnodobuvnykh rehionakh: Nakaz Ministerstva vuhilnoi promyslovosti Ukrainy vid 22.05.2006 No. 296. (2006). URL: http://ukraine.uapravo.net/data/base08/ukr08886.htm [in Ukrainian].
  16. Pro zakhody z ekolohichnoi bezpeky na porodnykh vidvalakh: Rozporiadzhennia Ministerstva vuhilnoi promyslovosti Ukrainy vid 28.03.2006 No. 14-r. (2006). URL: https://pro.zakon-i-normativ.info/ index.php/component/lica/?href=0&view=text&base=1&id=291311&menu=412228 [in Ukrainian].
  17. Hranychno dopustymi kontsentratsii (HDK) ta oriientovni bezpechni rivni diiannia (OBRD) zabrudniuiuchykh rechovyn v atmosfernomu povitri naselenykh mists. URL: https://www.google.com.ua/ search?q=hranychno+dopustyma+kontsentratsiia+shkidlyvykh+rechovyn+u+povitri&sa=X&ved= 0ahUKEwjVxa-yw87eAhWJFywKHeUoBq. 66 p. [in Ukrainian].
  18. Hranychno dopustymi kontsentratsii (HDK) ta oriientovni dopustymi rivni (ODR) shkidlyvykh rechovyn u vodi vodnykh obiektiv hospodarsko-pytnoho ta kulturno-pobutovoho vykorystannia. (1991). URL: http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/v6025400-91 [in Ukrainian].
  19. Hranychno dopustymi kontsentratsii khimichnykh rechovyn u grunti (HDK). URL: http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/v2264400-80. (1980) [in Ukrainian].
  20. DK 005-96. Klasyfikator vidkhodiv. (1996). URL: http://plast.vn.ua/DK005-96.html [in Ukrainian].
  21. Ukraine’s Greenhouse Gas Inventory 1990–2016. (2018). K.: Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources of Ukraine, 519 p. [in Ukrainian].
  22. Otsinka zakhodiv shchodo zmenshennia nehatyvnoho vplyvu na dovkillia u vuhilnii promyslovosti. (2005). Drachuk, E.Z., Amosha, O.I., Kabanov, A.I. et al. Ekotekhnolohii i resursosberezheniie. Sb. tr. nauch.-tekhn. konf. “Enerhetychna bezpeka Yevropy XXI st. Yevraziiski enerhetychni korydory”. K., 77?80 [in Ukrainian].
  23. Surhai, N.S., & Vovk, H.T. (2003). Ekolohicheskoe polozheniie v uholnykh rehionakh i puti resheniia prirodookhrannykh problem. Doklad na seminare. Ekolohicheskaia bezopasnost obiektov TEK [in Russian].
  24. Vovk, V.T., & Chepyha, E.V. (2015). Ekolohiia shakhterskih rehionov Ukrainy. Uhol Ukrainy, 6, 23—30 [in Russian].

Downloads:

Full text (PDF)