Overview of the state of the world nuclear power engineering

1Azarov S.I., Dr. Sci. (Engin.), Senior Research Scientist, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9951-8867 ,
2Sydorenko V.L., PhD (Engin.), Associate Professor, https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4584-486X ,
3Zadunay O.S., https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8589-1604
1Institute for Nuclear Research of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 47 Nauky prospekt, Kyiv, 03680, Ukraine
2Institute of Public Administration in the Sphere of Civil Protection, 21 Vyshgorodska str., Kyiv, 04074, Ukraine
3Derzhavnyi naukovo-doslidnyi instytut spetsialnoho zviazku ta zakhystu informatsii, 6 Zalizniaka str., Kyiv, 03142, Ukraine
Language: Ukrainian
Source: The Problems of General Energy, 2019, 1(56):24-30
https://doi.org/10.15407/pge2019.01.024
Section: Systemic studies and complex problems of the energy sector
UDC: 621.311.183
Received: 10.01.2019
Published: 29.03.2019

Abstract:

We analyze the development of nuclear power engineering in the world and the influence on it of large-scale accidents at nuclear power plants, including the Japanese plant "Fukushima-1". We highlight the priority properties of reactors in the designing of high-security nuclear power plants in leading countries of the world. Results of statistical studies of the age of operating power units are given. The current trend of development of nuclear power engineering in different countries of the world and price component of the global energy market are shown. We emphasize the necessity to improve the safety of nuclear power plants. The innovative technologies of reactors of the III generation are indicated. It is noted that nuclear power engineering is the most important component of the world energy balance, and now there are no serious alternatives to it.

Keywords: nuclear power engineering, IAEA, nuclear power unit, nuclear power plant, safety.

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