State and promising directions of handling the radioactive waste of nuclear power plants

Shulzhenko S.V., Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Senior Researcher, Radchenko О.L., Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Tarasenko P.V., Cand. Sci. (Him.)
Institute of General Energy of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 172 Antonovycha St., Kyiv, 03680, Ukraine
Language: Ukrainian
Source: Problemy zahal`noi enerhetyky - The Problems of General Energy, 2016, 3(46):50-56
https://doi.org/10.15407/pge2016.03.050
Section: Operating reliability and safety of the functioning of energy facilities and systems
UDC: 621.311.183
Received: 15.09.2016
Published: 28.09.2016
Abstract: The problem of protecting the population and environment from radioactive waste generated under the design operation conditions of nuclear power plants is becoming more and more significant due to the steady increase in their volumes. At present, the only way of isolating radioactive waste is their storage or burial in depositories of different types. The construction of such depositories requires significant expenditures of funds and exclusion, up to eternal, of certain plots of land. Taking into account the international experience in this  field, we propose an approach to the classification of radioactive waste in accordance with the types of their depositories.
Keywords: nuclear power plants, design operation, radioactive waste, classification, depositories of radioactive waste.
References:
1. Uranium Markets. Retrieved from http://www.world-nuclear.org/information-library/nuclear-fuel-cycle/uranium-resources/uranium-markets.aspx [in English].
2. Projected Costs of Generating Electricity 2015. Retrieved from https://www.iea.org/Textbase/npsum/ElecCost2015SUM.pdf [in English].
3. Dopovid pro stan yadernoi ta radiatsiinoi bezpeky v Ukraini u 2014 rotsi. Retrieved from http://www.snrc.gov.ua/nuclear/doccatalog/document?id=285032 [in Ukrainian].
4. Proskura, M.I, Zinkevich, L.I., Shestopalov, V.M., Shibetskii, Yu.O., Alekseeva, Z.M., & Zhebrovska, K.I. (2015). Otsinka efektivnosti vprovadzhennia v Ukraini novoi skhemy klasyfikatsii radioaktyvnykh vidkhodiv [Evaluating the effectiveness of implementation in Ukraine of the new classification scheme of radioactive waste]. Yaderna ta radiatsiina bezpeka. Nuclear and radiation safety, 1, 34-40 [in Ukrainian].
5. Sayt po voprosam yadernoi bezopasnosti, radiatsionnoi zashchiti i nerasprostraneniia yadernogo oruzhiia (Uatom.org). Retrieved from http://uatom.org/index.php/ru/obrashhenye-s-radyoaktyvnymy-othodamy-na-dejstvuyushhyh-aes/ [in Russian].
6. Kabinet Ministriv Ukrainy Rozporiadzhennia vid 19 serpnia 2009 r. N 990-r "Pro skhvalennia Strategii povodzhennia z radioaktyvnymy vidkhodamy v Ukraini" [The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine Resolution of 19 August 2009. No 990-p "On approval of the Strategy of Radioactive Waste Management in Ukraine"]. Retrieved from http://zakon5.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/990-2009-%D1%80 [in Ukrainian].
7. Classification of Radioactive Waste General Safety Guide. IAEA Safety Standards Series No. GSG-1. Retrieved from http://www-pub.iaea.org/MTCD/publications/PDF/Pub1419_web.pdf [in English].
8. Elektroenergetika i okhrana okruzhayushchei sredy. Funktsionirovanie energetiki v sovremennom mire [Power Utilities and Environmental Protection. The functioning of the energy in the world today]. Retrieved from http://energetika.in.ua/ru/books/book-5/part-3/section-3/3-3/3-3-5 [in Russian].
9. Olkhovik, Yu.O., & Korchagin, P.O. (2014). Shchodo vyboru viazhuchikh materialiv dlia tsementuvannia pobutovogo zalyshku AES z reaktoramy VVER [As for the choice of binders for cementing domestic balance of nuclear power plants with VVER]. Yaderna energetyka ta dovkillia Nuclear power and the environment, 1, 20-23 [in Ukrainian].
10. Kolobashkin, V.M., Rubtsov, P.M., Ruzhanskii, P.A., & Sidorenko, V.D. (1983). Radiatsionnye kharakteristiki obluchennogo yadernogo topliva. Spravochnik [The radiation characteristics of irradiated nuclear fuel: Handbook]. Moskva: Energoatomizdat [in Russian].