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Factors affecting energy consumption in chemical industry for the production of fertilisers

Stanytsina V.V.
Institute of General Energy of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 172 Antonovycha St., Kyiv, 03680, Ukraine
Language: Ukrainian
Source: The Problems of General Energy, 2014, 2(37):27-34
Section: Scientific foundations of energy saving and energy-saving policy
UDC: 66.012.3
Received: 22.04.2014
Published: 29.04.2014


Ukraine's chemical complex consumes an average annual of 6 to 8.5 bcm of natural gas (over 10% of national demand), mostly for the production of mineral fertilisers, where 75% of gas is used as a raw material. The domestic chemical industry produces predominantly urea (about 60%) and ammonium nitrate (about 30%). Ammonium nitrate is the most popular product on the internal fertilizer market, and most of the urea output (up to 97% in 2012) is exported. Ammonia is the main raw material for the production of urea and ammonium nitrate.
Fertilisers and inorganic chemistry products each make up almost 35% in exports of chemical products, the rest products 30 %. As for imports, pharmaceutical products account for more than one third of chemical products imported in recent years.
About 60% of gas consumption in the industry falls on ammonia, urea and ammonium nitrate, which are exported. A total of 4.1 bcm of natural gas was used to make these products in 2012. In general, exported goods take up about 50% of energy resources used for the production of ammonia, urea and ammonium nitrate in Ukraine. Energy consumption in the industry is acted upon by the export-oriented production of nitrogen fertilisers and the correlation between the price of natural gas for the production of fertilisers and global fertiliser prices.

Keywords: chemical industry, nitrogen fertilisers, exports, energy consumption, natural gas.


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