Forecast of volumes of the accumulated of the waste, as a consequence of the development of nuclear power in the twenty-first century

Bilodid V.D., PhD (Engin.), Senior Research Scientist
Institute of General Energy of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 172 Antonovycha St., Kyiv, 03680, Ukraine
Language: Ukrainian
Source: The Problems of General Energy, 2013, 1(32):62-69
Section: Ecological aspects of energy and environmental protection
UDC: 621.9
Received: 15.03.2013
Published: 25.04.2013

Abstract:

The results of calculations are resulted in relation to the amount of well-educated radio-active elements as a result of work of nuclear power plants for period from 1954 to 2010. As a result of comparisons of natural radio-activity overhead 16 kilometers layer of continental the earth's crust and the same layer, in which the evenly nebulized is produced radio-activity from AES, it is shown that general activity of crust was increased for this period on 1,86%.
Assumption is done, that general increases of making of electric power by nuclear power plants to the end of present age will be in scopes to 2% per a year. In this case, after the done calculations, to 2100 year by these power-stations will be produced wastes of radio-active matters which will increase average activity of crust almost in 10 times (the value of the produced activity will make a value at level (780–800)×1012 Ci).
Conclusions are made in relation to further development of nuclear energy of Ukraine, one of which is:
Ukrainian nuclear energy, which is one of the most powerful in the world (on NPP in 2010 it was made 47.3% of all electric power), and which occupies 2-nd place after France, requires rethinking and its further development must take a place with slowing down increase. Credible volumes of electricity production at nuclear power plants for the period up to the year 2100 should be carefully justified without the use of myths about its safety and efficiency.

Keywords: radioactive waste, environmental impact of NPP operation, radioactivity of the continental crust and nuclear power plants.  

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